Effective Alkane Carbon Number
To use HLD we need the oiliness of our oil, its EACN. We might be able to find it in the list below. We might be able to measure it. But it it's a mixture, or if we want to tune the oiliness rationally, then we need to calculate the value of the mixture. Easy! It's the weight-based average of the individual oils.
We need to be able to characterise each oil with a number in order to do the HLD calculations. For hexane, heptane, octane etc. it is easy to assign a number: just use the number of carbon atoms in the oil, so 6, 7, 8, ...
But if you take cyclohexane which has six carbons it doesn't behave at all like hexane. In fact it behaves as if it has just 3 carbons. Of course it doesn't behave like propane gas (which has 3 carbons), but in all calculations, if you say that cyclohexane has an Effective Alkane Carbon Number = 3 everything works out fine. If you take benzene which still has 6 carbon atoms, it behaves like an oil with 0 carbons, its EACN = 0. And some chlorinated solvents behave as if they have negative numbers of carbons. Dichlorobenzene with 6 carbons and 2 chlorines has an EACN = -5.
One attempt to estimate EACN from a structure is provided at the excellent Pirika EACN estimator site, using Hansen Solubility Parameters (an estimator is also included in Hansen Solubility Parameters in Practice) at the heart of the estimation. But the scheme is based on correlations of data of variable quality and is only a general guide.
We often don't have a single oil. Fortunately, it is easy to blend oils to form a new EACN value, using the (% weight) weighted average of the two values, as calculated above.
Here is a list of EACN values taken from the HLD-NAC software. Many of these values come from the team of Prof Aubry at U. Lille, France. Their meticulous measurements of high-purity systems are a gold-standard for EACN values:
Now you are clear about EACN values, click on the Cc link to learn about Cc values for individual surfactants.